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This book was first published in 1992. For decades Yugoslavia had been developing its own model of socialism based on workers' self-management and the increasing use of the market mechanism. As a result, many scholars view the Yugoslav economy differently from other socialist systems. In this book, Dr Milica Uvalic demonstrates how some of the fundamental features of the Yugoslav economy have remained similar to those characterising other socialist economies. Dr Uvalic focuses on theoretical and empirical issues related to investment in Yugoslavia since 1965. She examines investment policies, sources of finance, macroeconomic performance, enterprise incentives, and current property reforms in relation to Western theory on investment behaviour in the labour-managed firm and Kornai's theory on socialist economies. In line with Kornai's theory, the author argues that investment reforms have not led to substantially changed enterprise behaviour, which illustrates the limited results to be expected from partial reforms in a socialist economy. The fundamental problems in Yugoslavia are thus generic to socialist economic systems, rather that the specific characteristic of self-management.
This important book is the first detailed analytical treatment of the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) and its impact on intellectual property enforcement. The ACTA had been formulated to deal with the burgeoning growth in the trade in counterfeit and pirate products which was estimated to have increased ten-fold since the promulgation of the TRIPS Agreement in 1994. The book clarifies how the ACTA supplements the enforcement provisions of the TRIPS Agreement, namely by: expanding the reach of border protection to infringing goods in transit; providing greater detail of the implementation of civil enforcement and; providing for the confiscation of the proceeds of intellectual property crimes. As the book illustrates, a significant additional innovation is the introduction of provisions dealing with enforcement of intellectual property rights in the digital environment. This book will strongly appeal to intellectual property rights policymakers at the World Trade Organization and World Intellectual Property Organization, legal practitioners, academics and students.
Housing, land and property (HLP) rights, as rights, are widely recognized throughout international human rights and humanitarian law and provide a clear and consistent legal normative framework for developing better approaches to the HLP challenges faced by the UN and others seeking to build long-term peace. This book analyses the ubiquitous HLP challenges present in all conflict and post-conflict settings. It will bridge the worlds of the practitioner and the theorist by combining an overview of the international legal and policy frameworks on HLP rights with dozens of detailed case studies demonstrating country experiences from around the world. The book will be of particular interest to professors and students of international relations, law, human rights, and peace and conflict studies but will have a wider readership among practitioners working for international institutions such as the United Nations and the World Bank, non-governmental organizations, and national agencies in the developing world.
In clear, easy-to-grasp language, the author covers many of the topics that you will need to know in order to launch and run a successful business venture.
The past 20 years have seen a revolution in the way that we live, socialise and do business around the globe. Borders and barriers have fallen, giving consumers of digital information unlimited sources of data. The Internet has created a universe of convenience for the consumer. Just as society evolves, so too must the law. The sharing of online content creates challenges for IP law, well beyond the scope of the pre-digital era. Content containing intellectual property can be shipped instantaneously around the world with the click of a mouse. We face a modern problem that our technological world accelerates at a rate that can leave our IP framework in the dust. We have seen these examples played out in the music and film industries, as well as in the electronic book publishing industry. We have also come to see that the enforcement of IP rights in cyberspace gives rise to unique cross-border enforcement issues. Edited by Neville Cordell, IP partner at international law firm Allen & Overy, this guide contains analysis and guidance on how IP laws are applied to the Internet in 19 major jurisdictions worldwide, including chapters from leading experts at Herbert Smith Freehills, Norton Rose Fulbright, Clifford Chance, Quinn Emanuel and Kim & Chang. Chapters explore, on a comparative basis, the means of protection for a range of online content offered by copyright and database rights, trademarks and patents, considering issues such as infringement, liability, possible exemptions and remedies including disclosure orders against internet service providers. This exciting new title is essential reading for lawyers, in-house counsel, media and business professionals who must deal with the challenges of managing digital intellectual property and wish to understand how best to protect such works from infringement internationally.
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